Research & Policy Briefs

The Rise of State Preemption Laws in Response to Local Policy Innovation

This article analyzes the increasing use of state preemption law by conservative state leaders as a tool to rein in progressive local governments. The scope and special qualities of recent state preemption laws are explored by examining legislation preempting local fracking bans, preventing minimum wage ordinances, targeting sanctuary city policies, overturning LGBT rights ordinances, and enacting blanket preemption measures. Reasons for the recent surge of state preemption laws are suggested, and the overall effectiveness of these laws is discussed.

Lori Riverstone-Newell
Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Volume 47, Issue 3, 1 July 2017, Pages 403–425, https://doi.org/10.1093/publius/pjx037
Published: 25 May 2017

Research & Policy Briefs

EPI Report: City governments are raising standards for working people—and state legislators are lowering them back down

A report recently released by the Economic Policy Institute examines the rising use of preemption by state legislatures to undercut local labor standards. It provides an overview of five key areas of labor and employment policy affected by preemption—including minimum wage, paid leave, fair work scheduling, prevailing wage, and project labor agreements—and details the extent and impact of such preemption practices throughout the United States. Finally, it presents ways local governments can push back against state preemption in their efforts to raise the living standards of their residents.

Research & Policy Briefs

Why Local Solutions?

A helpful fact sheet created by MuniNetworks.org and ILSR on the importance of protecting the ability of local governments to invest in municipal broadband networks.  This includes a description of numerous ways local governments are best situated to address gaps in community broadband.

Research & Policy Briefs

CDLS Memo – The True Cost of Preemption

The goal of this memo is to educate and build awareness of many of the issues that are affected by attacks on local solutions. For this memo, CDLS compiled data from a number of organizations in Florida concerned about preemption, to highlight some of the potential costs and impacts of two extremely broad and wide-ranging bills.

2017 Preemption Report – Campaign to Defend Local Solutions

Research & Policy Briefs

Mayors Innovation Project Workshop: State Preemption of Local Authority

A workshop put on in partnership between Mayors Innovation Project, SEIU, and the Rockefeller Family Fund. Hosted directly before the National League of Cities Conference in Austin, TX; workshop materials include presentation slides on strategies, research, and decision-making tools. Click on the Briefing Book tab to see the materials.